Ender og vann

Litt nytt fra vitenskapens verden. Et forskerteam fra University of Oxford har (be)vist at ender liker vann. Forskningsprosjektet kostet £ 300.000, og det synes noen er litt mye penger i forhold til konklusjonen. Men, som Marian Stamp Dawkins sier, det var egentlig en studie som handlet om mer enn hvorvidt ender liker vann. Blant annet konkluderer man med at resultatene kan tyde på at ender ikke er så glad i å svømme. (Jeg blir fristet til å linke til min tidligere post om “Badeender på avveie”).

2 Responses to “Ender og vann”

  1. Morten Says:

    Dagbladet har nok en gang vist seg svake på å dekke forskningstoff. Her er en full beskrivelse av studien som faktisk er gjennomført:

    Abstract: The impact of production systems on the welfare of ducks grown for meat is becoming increasingly controversial. In the UK, approximately 18 million ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) were reared for meat in 2006 (British Poultry Council, 2008; http://www.poultry.uk.com/who_ducks01.htm). Despite the association between ducks and water in the wild, there are no legal requirements for them to have water for bathing or swimming. Some have troughs in which they dip their heads and splash water onto their bodies but for some, their only contact with water is drinking water from ball-bearing ‘nipples’. The Council of Europe (1999) recommends that ducks should be able to dip their heads in water and spread water over their feathers.

    We here provide clear evidence that duck welfare is related to the nature and extent of their access to water. We recorded body and plumage condition and undertook three behavioural techniques to assess the effect of water source on the welfare of ducks. Ducks were reared with access to one of five water sources: a bath (small pond), a trough, an overhead shower, nipple drinkers only or nipple drinkers until 5 weeks and a bath thereafter. Their behaviour was assessed by recording (i) the time spent with a single resource, (ii) rebound in water related behaviour when given access to a bath and (iii) their preference for water source when given a four-way choice of all resources.

    The results showed that without the opportunity to at least dip their heads and splash their feathers with water, ducks were unable to keep their eyes, nostrils and feathers fully clean. Importantly, there was no difference in the time spent bathing from the bath, trough or shower, indicating resources were equivalent in their provision of bathing water. Very little time, however, was spent showing bathing movements at the nipples. Only ducks in the nipple-only group showed ‘compensatory rebound’ when finally given access to water in a bath, indicating previous bathing deprivation. There was no rebound in groups reared with a trough or shower, again indicating that the trough and shower were equivalent to the bath in its provision of bathing water. When given choice, the ducks preferred to rest and drink-dabble with the shower, and bathe with the bath; the shower was intermediate to the trough. Little time was spent with the nipples when the ducks were given access to other water sources and little time was spent swimming in the bath.

    The results suggest that commercial farmers may be able to improve duck welfare as much by providing water in troughs or from overhead showers (both clean and economical of water) as from actual ponds (baths). (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Erik Steinskog Says:

    Joda, og min post var også noe ironisk ment. Men leser du The Guardians artikkel, som jeg også henviser til i posten, har den noen av de samme dimensjonene (eller svakhetene, kall det hva du vil). Og tross alt er Marian Stamp Dawkins’ kommentar om ender og svømming på noenlunde samme nivå, og det er hun som er professor i animal behaviour. Når det er sagt, endenes – og andre husdyrs – velferd er selvsagt ikke noe å kimse av, om enn det altså til syvende og sist primært er knyttet til det faktum at vi – som kjøttetere – skal få det best mulige kjøttet. Og jeg er sånn sett en av dem som godt liker andekjøtt.

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